09 hrs 32 mins 14 secs
Many linguistic studies have shown that sounds of words are not accidental. People have some, let’s say, prejudices about the meaning of certain words of the language they don’t understand, based merely on the way the words sound. A number of linguistic experiments have shown this to be true.
So, what does this fact has to do with the way babies perceive music, songs and bedtime lullabies? Babies don’t yet understand language properly, they maybe memorize a few words that they often hear, but they can’t use the language the way that adults do. But they still do react “correctly” to certain words and expressions. How is that possible?
First of all, babies hearing develops very fast. They can even hear in the womb. First sounds that they can perceive are low-pitched sounds, and later they develop the ability to perceive high-pitched sounds. So, babies can hear quite well long before their sight develops properly. Now, we need to understand how do infants react to sounds and how do they memorize them?
Let’s get back to those linguistic experiments we mentioned earlier. There is a famous linguistic experiment featuring the “bouba-kiki effect”. In this experiment, researchers said to subjects to answer the following question: One animal is small, one is large, one is called Bouba, other is called Kiki. Which is which?
Of course, participants would answer that a large animal is Bouba and a small one is Kiki. You probably thought that too? There are many similar linguistic experiments that were recently conducted. Another famous one was when subject is asked: Is a man called Ip a fat or a slim man? People would always say that they see him as tall and slim, even though they couldn’t explain why. Some subjects were the native speakers of languages that are not written in an alphabet, so the effect of visual association between the letter “I” and slim build couldn’t be taken into consideration. Do you also imagine someone called Ip a tall person?
There is also one interesting phenomenon in the relation to sound and meaning of the words. Have you ever noticed how do the sounds of words like cracker, sparkle, spice, mellow, frisky, bomb, womb, rumble, chip, lean, hollow really correspond to the meanings of these words? When you say “cracker” or “frizzy” or “hollow” you immediately get an image in your head that perfectly goes along with the meanings of these words.
Many linguists have studied this similarity between the sound and meaning. The main conclusion is, this phenomenon exists in all the languages and is perceived by people of all ages, cultures or educational backgrounds. Now, when it comes to the question why this exists, well, there are a lot of different theories.
Some common idea is that people “feel” the sounds before they understand them. So, we can conclude that babies rely mostly on this feeling because they lack the knowledge about the language. But what about music?
Psychologists found out that babies and young children enjoy the songs in C and G keys. So, your baby might just like “Let it be” from Beatles or “Every breath you take” from The Police as bedtime lullabies. Also, babies prefer repetitive, simple rhythms, harmony over chaos. So, don’t play Igor Stravinsky to your baby just yet, they might not appreciate it as much as you do. Also, leave experimental jazz for alone time.
But why do babies prefer some sounds over others? To answer this, let’s talk about the only audio experience that they have before they come to this world. In the womb, babies hear the heartbeat and the deep sounds that resemble the sensation of being submerged in water. On top of that, fluid transfers sound a lot faster than air, so they are getting used to their mother’s voice even before they were born. That is pretty much everything that they hear. Psychologist thinks that this a reason why babies can feel calm and sleepy when they are exposed to monotone sounds of motors, machines or household appliances. That’s why the white noise machines can be really helpful when you want to calm your baby down and put the baby to sleep. Babies can fall asleep when they are travelling in the car too, because the vibrations of the motor actually soothe them.
So, in music or bedtime lullabies, babies enjoy simple, slow beats that can resemble a human heartbeat. Something like muffled slow drums can be appropriate for this age (like the sound of drums from slow medieval songs.) Also, they like wind instruments and various percussions.
Since we walked through some intro about how babies perceive sounds, let’s see what good bedtime lullabies should have.
So, we learned what kind of music babies enjoy, but what about the importance of music? Why is the early exposure to musical content so important for a child? Let’s talk about that! Here are the main benefits that music has on a young mind.
Now is the time to move on to the list! We picked 10 songs that make great lullabies. We made the selection by judging the rhythm, the key of the song, the instrument that is played on, the voice and the content of lyrics. Our selection goes further from classic nursery rhymes and all-time lullabies. So, when we picked the songs, we were thinking a bit outside of the box. We included all songs that fulfill important criteria that we talked about earlier. In that way, our list includes classical songs and some evergreen classics. In other words, we selected compositions that would be the most pleasing for a very young mind. Now, let’s see them!
And here are some honourable mentions! These songs didn’t quite make into the top 10 list of bedtime lullabies, but they are still a nice choice for sleepy time song.
As we said earlier, babies mostly perceive the feeling of music and speaking, and they rather feel than comprehend the meaning of the songs. So, when you choose bedtime lullabies for your baby, be sure to choose the songs that are creating calming, gentle and pleasant feeling. After all, that is the main thing that the baby will appreciate from a certain song.
As for the other things, aim for the songs that have simple but beautiful lyrics. This way, overtime, the bedtime lullabie fes will becomor your baby a mean of learning and processing the language. Also, babies prefer deeper sounds, so choose rather cello, wind instruments, percussions or piano than instruments that produce sharp, high-pitched sounds.
So, for the next sleepy time session, choose some of our picks for bedtime lullabies and have a great time sharing some nice tunes with your baby. Music is a valuable and beautiful part of our lives, and it’s never too early to start to enjoy it.